Harold Bloom,  ed. d. Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness (Bloom's Modern Critical  Interpretations). Blooms Literary Criticism, 2008.

"Critical essays reflecting a  variety of schools of criticism--Notes on the contributing critics, a  chronology of the author's life, and an index--An introductory essay by  Harold Bloom."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Ashley Chantler. Heart of Darkness:  Character Studies. Continuum, 2008.

"Joseph Conrad's Heart of  Darkness is one of the most important literary works of the early  twentieth century. It has provoked much critical debate, on issues such  as fin de siecle doubt and pessimism, European colonialism, racism, and  misogyny. Engaging with the novel's characters is crucial to  understanding its complexity and its critical history. This study  includes an overview of the novel, including an account of its late  nineteenth-century context discussions of the narrative structure and  the narrators; chapters analyzing in detail the key characters in  relation to the text's themes, issues and historical context; engagement  with a range of literary criticism and theory; a conclusion reminding  students of the potential of detailed character analysis and close  critical reading; a guide to secondary texts and a bibliography."

┬ Gavin Griffiths. Joseph Conrad  (Brief Lives). Hesperus Press, 2008.

"Born to Polish parents in the Russian-dominated Ukraine, Joseph Conrad  led an extraordinary and adventurous life, much of which was spent at sea.  This new biography charts his story, considering his writings in the light  of his eventful experiences and is an introduction to the renowned and  much-loved author of the 20th-century masterpiece 'Heart of Darkness.'"

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Tom Henthorne. Conrad's Trojan Horses: Imperialism, Hybridity, and the Postcolonial  Aesthetic. Texas Tech University Press, 2008.

"Joseph Conrad remains one of the twentieth  century's most widely discussed literary figures. And yet it may be that an  abundant scholarship has pigeonholed Conrad as an early modernist. Henthorne  counters that Conrad's work can be best understood in relation to that of  such early twentieth-century writers as S. K. Ghosh and Solomon Plaatje  postcolonialists who developed innovative ways of cloaking their  anti-imperialism when working with British publishers. In Almayer's Folly, An Outcast of the Islands, and his first short stories, Conrad attacks  imperialism overtly. Yet as he began to work with more conservative  publishers to acquire a larger, imperial audience, he developed a Trojan  Horse strategy, deliberately obfuscating his radical politics through his  use of multiple narrators, irony, free indirect discourse, and other devices  that are now associated with modernism. Sensitive to the breadth of his  prospective audience, Henthorne offers an engaging and accessible analysis  of Conrad's canon, from the early novels and short stories to the major  works, including The Nigger of the Narcissus, Heart of Darkness, Lord Jim,  and Nostromo. He also considers critical responses to Conrad and the  influence Conrad has had upon modernist and postcolonial writers."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Sanjeev Khanna.Joseph Conrad: His Mind and Art. Adhyayan Publishers, 2008.

"Joseph Conrad, Poland's English genius,  remains a puzzle for both his biographers and critics. He stands at the  transitional stage of the later Victorian and the early modern novelists.  Conrad used obliquely the stream of consciousness device in his narrative  pattern to infer the working of the mind of the protagonist to the reader.  His multiple choice of narration constitutes the hear of his stories. The  style chosen by him for delineating the protagonist's inherent search for  self. As a non-native writer of English Conrad hardly feels a sigh of  language for revealing the pangs of the heart, the psychological motives,  and the realistic pattern of human behavior. This motive behind this book is  to analyze the fictional art of Conrad for artistic and visionary purposes."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Owen Knowles, ed. "My Dear Friend": Further Letters to and about Joseph Conrad. Rodopi,  2008.

"A sequel to A Portrait in Letters:  Correspondence to and about Joseph Conrad (Rodopi, 1995), this volume  collects and annotates letters to Joseph Conrad by his family, friends,  admirers, and publishers. A companion to the writer's own letters, it  intends to restore the quality of exchange, interaction, and debate that  belongs to a major correspondence. It is also intended to lead to a fuller,  more rounded picture of Conrad in his personal and professional dealings:  both of the mutualities and rituals that underpinned his close friendships  and of the terms underlying his mutual disagreements with others. Familiar  names are here--Arnold Bennett, John Galsworthy, Edward Garnett, Ford Madox  Ford, Bertrand Russell, and H. G. Wells--although in largely unfamiliar  form, through unpublished or inaccessible materials. Another notable feature  of the volume is the newly recovered correspondence relating to the  implementation, by Henry Newbolt and William Rothenstein, of the Royal  Bounty Fund grant awarded during one of Conrad's most severe financial  crises (1904-06)."┬ 

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Yael Levin. Tracing the Aesthetic  Principle in Conrad's Novels. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

"Tracing the Aesthetic Principle in  Conrad's Novels sets out to revolutionize our reading of Conrad's works  and challenge the critical heritage that accompanies them. Levin identifies  the emergence of an aesthetic principle in Conrad's novels and theorizes  that principle through the concept of 'the otherwise present,' which Levin  defines as that which provokes desire and perpetuates it by barring its  appeasement. This book offers a detailed analysis of Lord Jim, Nostromo, Under Western Eyes, The Arrow of Gold and Suspense, alongside a poststructuralist-inspired explication of Conrad's  literary vision and its defining principle."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  John G. Peters,  ed. Conrad in the Public Eye: Biography / Criticism / Publicity.  Rodopi, 2008.

"This is a collection of  difficult-to-find and typically early commentary that sheds light on  Conrad's life and works, as well as the way in which his works were  promoted to the public. Selections include those by the American  novelist Christopher Morley and the Irish novelist Liam O'Flaherty.  Also  included is a previously unpublished essay by Conrad's friend Richard  Curle. Of particular interest are the promotional materials, which are  collected together for the first time and reveal how Conrad was  perceived by the general reading public and how he was marketed by his publishers."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  James Phelan, Jeremy Hawthorn, and Jakob  Lothe, eds. Conrad: Voice, Sequence, History, Genre. Ohio State  University Press, 2008.

"Joseph Conrad: Voice,  Sequence, History, Genre argues that narrative theory, and  especially some of its more recent developments, can help critics  generate greater insight into the complexities of Conrad's work; and  that a rigorous engagement with Conradian narrative can lead theorists  to a further honing of their analytical tools. More particularly, the  volume focuses on the four narrative issues identified in the subtitle,  and it analyzes examples of Conrad's fiction and nonfiction, from early  work such as An Outcast of the Islands to his late work of  reminiscence, A Personal Record. The volume also provides  multiple perspectives on major works such as Heart of Darkness and Lord Jim, a cluster of three essays on Nostromo and  history, and an afterword by the editors that looks ahead to future work  on the interrelations of Conrad and narrative theory. This collection  brings together essays by established critics of Conrad and by leading  narratologists that explore Conrad's innovative uses of narrative  throughout his career. Collectively, these explorations by Daphna  Erdinast-Vulcan, Gail Fincham, Jeremy Hawthorn, Susan Jones, Jakob Lothe,  J. Hillis Miller, Zdzislaw Najder, Josiane Paccaud-Huguet, James Phelan,  Christophe Robin, Allan H. Simmons, and John Stape investigate these  issues."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Richard Ruppel.Homosexuality in the Life and Work of Joseph Conrad: Love between the  Lines. Routledge, 2008.

"Homoeroticism and  Homosexuality in the Life and Fiction of Joseph Conrad examines the  representations of homosexuality and homoeroticism in Conrad's fiction.  Drawing on the work of Geoffrey Galt Harpham, Robert Hodges, Wayne  Koestenbaum, Christopher Lane, and others who have already begun  unearthing and analyzing this subject, the author traces Conrad's  representations of homosexuality and homoeroticism, beginning with the  Malay works and ending with The Shadow-Line. In Conrad's  lifetime, the homosexual species came under increasing scrutiny,  definition, and censure; same-sex desire was an increasingly contested  issue within popular, legal, and medical discourses. Ruppel argues that  Conrad's fiction traces this interest, though most often in subterranean  ways."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬   R. N. Sarkar. Conrad's Art: An Interpretation and Evaluation.  Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, 2008.

"A great novelist and short-story  writer of the late nineteenth century, Joseph Conrad remains one of the most  important literary figures of English literature. The present book is a  compilation of critical articles of eminent writers deeply involved in  studies on Conrad. By exploiting all major works of Conrad and also his  critics who took interest in his art, the contributors have attempted to  present an incisive and insightful analysis of Conrad's literary genius. His  masterpiece 'Heart of Darkness' has been particularly studied with lucidity  and profundity, and various elements like myth, loneliness, evil and racism  contained in this well-knit work have been explored. Critical study of  Conrad's political vision and myth is another attraction of the present  book. In addition, it aims at probing into Conrad's sectarian penchant for  his essentially literary perspective. It is hoped that the students and  teachers of English literature and research scholars in fiction particularly  those interested in the study of Conrad will immensely benefit from this  book while the general readers too will find it interesting and enjoyable."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Paul Wake. Conrad's Marlow: Narrative and Death in "Youth," "Heart of  Darkness," Lord Jim, and Chance. Manchester University Press,  2008.

"Described as 'the average  pilgrim' a 'wanderer,' and 'a Buddha preaching in European clothes,'  Charlie Marlow is the voice behind Joseph Conrad's 'Youth,'  'Heart of Darkness,' Lord Jim, and Chance. Conrad's Marlow offers an account and critical analysis of one  of Conrad's most celebrated creations, asking both who and what is  Marlow: a character or a narrator, a biographer or an autobiographical  screen, a messenger or an interpreter, a bearer of truth, or a misguided  liar? Offering an investigation into the connection between narrative  and death, this book argues that Marlow's essence is located in his  constantly shifting position and that the emergence of meaning in his  stories is bound up with the process of his storytelling."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Agnes Swee Kim Yeow.Conrad's Eastern Vision: A Vain and Floating Appearance. Palgrave,  2008.

"This  book traces the dialogic relation between Conrad's Eastern fiction and  other histories and argues that it is precisely in the intersections of  art and history that we locate Conrad's irony. The dialogism of Conrad's East resists any finalising meaning, and its loophole lies in  subjective vision. Yeow suggests that, in a direct response to the  visual culture of his times, Conrad sets up his fictional world as a  hallucinated mirage even as he stresses the veracity of his own Eastern  vision."

D. Goonetilleke. Joseph  Conrad's Heart of Darkness: A Routledge Guide. Routledge, 2007.

"Joseph Conrad's novella, Heart of  Darkness, has fascinated critics and readers alike, engaging them in  highly controversial debate as it deals with fundamental issues of good  and evil, civilisation, race, love and heroism. This classic tale  transcends the boundaries of time and place and has inspired famous film  and television adaptations emphasising the cultural significance and  continued relevance of the book. This guide to Conrad's captivating  novel offers an accessible introduction to the text and contexts of Heart of Darkness; a critical history, surveying the many  interpretations of the text from publication to the present; a selection  of new essays and reprinted critical essays on Heart of Darkness,  by Ian Watt, Linda Dryden, Ruth Nadelhaft, J. Hillis Miller and Peter  Brooks, providing a range of perspectives on the novel and extending the  coverage of key critical approaches identified in the survey section;  cross-references between sections of the guide, in order to suggest  links between texts, contexts and criticism; suggestions for further  reading. Part of the Routledge Guides to Literature series, this volume  is intended for all those beginning detailed study of Heart of  Darkness and seeking not only a guide to the novel, but a way  through the wealth of contextual and critical material that surrounds  Conrad's text."


┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Walter Goebel,  Ulrich Seeber, and Martin Windisch, eds. Conrad in Germany. East  European Monographs, 2007.

"This is a collection of essay, some of  which consider Conrad's reception in Germany and the translation of his  works into German. The remaining essays deal with Modernism and its  discontents and with the Nautic quest. All are written by German scholars."

 ┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Jeremy Hawthorn.Sexuality and the Erotic in the Fiction of Joseph Conrad. Continuum, 2007.


"This book presents a sustained critique of the interlinked (and contradictory) views that the fiction of Joseph Conrad is largely innocent of any interest in or concern with sexuality and the erotic, and that when Conrad does attempt to depict sexual desire or erotic excitement, this results in bad writing. Hawthorn argues for a revision of the view that Conrad lacks understanding of and interest in sexuality. He argues that the comprehensiveness of Conrad's vision does not exclude a concern with the sexual and the erotic, and that this concern is not with the sexual and the erotic as separate spheres of human life, but as elements dialectically related to those matters public and political that have always been recognized as central to Conrad's fictional achievement. The book is intended to open Conrad's fiction to readings enriched by the insights of critics and theorists associated with Gender Studies and Post-colonialism."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Zdzislaw Najder. Joseph Conrad: A Life. Camden House, 2007.

"Joseph Conrad is not only recognized as one of the world's great writers of English--and world--literature, but as a writer who lived a fascinating, unusually full and adventurous life. But Conrad's life presents the biographer with uncommon difficulty because, whether due to his itinerancy as a young man, the destruction of documentary evidence in the turmoil of the twentieth century, or the discreetness and relative isolation Conrad cultivated in his years as a writer, there are many periods for which documentation is difficult. Zdzislaw Najder's biography first appeared in English in 1983, a product of twenty-five yeas of painstaking study, and received great praise as the best, most complete biography of Conrad. Najder's command of English, French, Polish and Russian allowed him access to a greater variety of sources than any other biographer, and this has again come into play in the present revised edition. It provides extensive new material, much of it unearthed in newly opened former east-bloc archives. Najder's Polish background and his own experience as an exile in the 1980's have afforded him an unmatched affinity for Conrad and his milieu. There is new material on Conrad's father's genealogy and his role as a Polish national leader; Conrad's service in the French and British merchant marines; his early English reading and correspondence; his experiences in the Congo and their international context; the circumstances of writing A Personal Record and Under Western Eyes; and much more. In addition, several aspects of Conrad's life and works are more thoroughly and precisely analyzed: his problems with the English language; his borrowings from French writers; his attitude toward socialism; and his reaction to the reception of his books. New material makes up a quarter of the text of the revised edition and almost three-quarters of the references."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Kieran O'Hara.Joseph Conrad Today. Imprint Academic, 2007.

"O'Hara argues that the novelist Joseph Conrad's work  speaks directly to us in a way that none of his contemporaries can.  Conrad's skepticism, pessimism, emphasis on tHeart of Darkness  uncovers the rotten core of the Eurocentric myth of imperialism as a  way of bringing enlightenment to 'native peoples'--lessons which are  relevant once more as the Iraq debacle has undermined the claims of  liberal democracy to universal significance. The result can hardly  be called a political program, but Conrad's work is clearly  suggestive of a skeptical conservatism. The difficult part of a  Conradian philosophy is the profundity of his pessimism--far greater  than Oakeshott, with whom Conrad does share some similarities  (though closer to a conservative politician like Salisbury).  Conrad's work poses the question of how far we as a society are  prepared to face the consequences of our ignorance."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Martin  Ray. Joseph Conrad: Memories and Impressions - A Bibliography. Rodopi,  2007.

"This bibliography, the first volume in  the new Conrad Studies Series published by Rodopi in cooperation with  The Joseph Conrad Society (UK), collects and annotates impressions and  memories of Joseph Conrad by his family, friends, and acquaintances. It  covers both full-length memoirs as well as newspaper and magazine  articles, and in its wide sweep offers abundant details about the  novelist's personality and life. Of particular value is Martin Ray's  emphasis on difficult-to-trace items and the in-depth coverage of  Conrad's trip to the United States in the spring of 1923. Expected to be  an essential  tool for the scholar, this book can also be read with pleasure for the  light it throws on Conrad the man."

 ┬ ┬ ┬  Allan H.  Simmons. Conrad's Heart of Darkness: A Reader's Guide. Continuum,  2007.

"Joseph Conrad's "Heart of Darkness" is a  central text in the flowering of Modernist literature in the  late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries and one of the most  important literary works of the twentieth century. This guide provides  an introduction to the novella and includes a survey of its influence in  arts as diverse as music, cinema, travelogue, and fiction. This  introduction to the text is a companion to study, offering chapters on:  Literary and historical context; Language, style, and form; a Reading of  the text; Critical reception and publishing history; and Adaptation and  interpretation."


┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Allan H. Simmons  and J. H. Stape, eds. The Secret Agent: Centennial Essays. Rodopi,  2007.

"This collection of thirteen essays by  writers from several countries celebrates the centenary of the  publication of Conrad's The Secret Agent. It reconsiders one of  Conrad's most important political novels from a variety of critical  perspectives and presents a documentary section as well as specially  commissioned maps and new contextualizing illustrations. Much new  information is provided on the novel's sources, and the work is placed  in new several contexts. The volume on this novel is intended both for students  studying it as a set text as well as for scholars of the late-Victorian  and early Modernist periods."


┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  J. H. Stape. The  Several Lives of Joseph Conrad. Heinemann, 2007.

"Conrad's impact has been so profound and far-reaching that, eighty years  after his death, he remains an essential cultural reference point. Such  phrases as 'heart of darkness' and 'The horror! The horror!' have  entered the language, often cited without an awareness of their original  contexts. His popular legacy extends to Latin American fiction, to the  spy novel, to the terrorist and anarchist character, and to film. The  writers he has influenced range from T. S. Eliot to William Faulkner to  V. S. Naipaul and John Le Carre. For a writer of 'difficult' fiction he  has enjoyed a remarkably wide impact, yet as Marlow proclaims in Lord  Jim of the figure whose story he tells, 'he was one of us,' and so Conrad  remains in fascinating ways. Stape's biography--an intimate portrait,  including previously unpublished photographs--offers a Conrad for our  times, a man with a deep sense of otherness, of multiple cultural  identities and, writing in his third language, a working writer always  worried about his royalties, whose novels and stories are a cornerstone  of literary Modernism and, indeed, of modernity itself."

 Cedric Watts. Joseph Conrad: The Secret Agent. Humanities-Ebooks,  2007.

"A biographical chapter relates The Secret Agent to Conrad's  career. Next, the work's process of composition is discussed, and  differences between the serial, the book version and the stage version are  explained. An analysis of the plot gives particular attention to its ironic  strategies and to the character of the narrator. Various themes and contexts  are explored: conceptions of time and topography; anarchistic and Fenian  politics; anti-Semitism; evolution, Lombroso and criminology. Literary  influences and analogues are illustrated: Dickens, Zola, Ibsen, terrorist  fiction. The characters are considered from various viewpoints. A critical  survey summarizes the work's reception since its first publication. The  bibliography provides a guide to further reading."

┬ ┬ ┬  Anthony Fothergill. Secret Sharers: Joseph Conrad's Cultural Reception in Germany. Peter Lang, 2006.

"This is the first book-length account of Joseph Conrad's reception in Germany, a virtually unresearched area of Conrad studies. It demonstrates that Conrad was read and used by his German readers as a cosmopolitan literary and moral voice against the prevailing nationalism of Germany in the 'dark times' of the 1930s and 1940s, when their own voices were being silenced. Challenging the longstanding assumption that Germany remained largely indifferent to his works, this book attempts to demonstrate that, particularly after the translation of the complete fiction commencing in the 1920s, Conrad's works achieved near cult status in Germany. On the basis of diaries and letters, contemporary reviews and essays, unpublished archival material as well as novels and films, the author illuminates the range and importance of Conrad's presence as a powerful liberating imagination within twentieth-century German culture. Championed by Thomas Mann, lauded by Hermann Hesse, and decried as 'Conrad the Jew' by the Nazis, Conrad has remained an influential presence in post-war German culture. The study proposes to offer a fresh perspective on Conrad's works and speaks for the importance of recognizing the way trans-national literary cultural relations have helped to shape European cultural history."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Banibrata Mahanta.Joseph Conrad: The Gothic Imagination. Adhyayan Publishers, 2006.

"Joseph Conrad's consistent concern is  with the state of humanity vis-a-vis its nature, ideas and ideals in a  complex world. His treatment of his protagonists and themes addresses  the modernist concerns and views of humanity as placed in a political  universe. Whether it is the pushes and pulls of a human being's inner  self or the outer world, humanity's movement in the universe is shown to  be oscillatory rather than linear. And Conrad's approach to his subject  is suffused with a gothic sensibility that has not been adequately  addressed. This study is an attempt to analyze Conrad's works, in terms  of theme and technique, from the gothic perspective."


┬ ┬ ┬  Tim Middleton. Joseph Conrad. Routledge, 2006.

"The popular yet complex work of Joseph Conrad has attracted much critical attention over the years, from the perspectives of postcolonial, modernist, cultural and gender studies. This guide to Conrad's compelling work is intended to offer: an accessible introduction to the contexts and many interpretations of Conrad's texts, from publication to the present; an introduction to key critical texts and perspectives on Conrad's life and work, situated in a broader critical history; cross-references between sections of the guide, in order to suggest links between texts, contexts and criticism; suggestions for further reading. Part of the Routledge Guides to Literature series, this volume is intended as essential reading for all those beginning detailed study of Joseph Conrad and seeking not only a guide to his works but also a way through the wealth of contextual and critical material that surrounds them."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Josiane Paccaud-Huguet, ed. Conrad in France. Social Science Monographs, 2006.

"In this collection, French intellectuals and scholars comment on the relationship between British novelist Joseph Conrad's work and French culture and criticism. The book presents readings of Conrad's major texts by several generations of critics, such as Andre Gide, Andre Maurois, and Ramon Fernandez, with generation approaching his works from a variety of angles while remaining attentive to the link between the artist and his work."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Bernard J. Paris. Conrad's Charlie Marlow: A New Approach to "Heart of Darkness" and Lord Jim. Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

"Whereas Marlow has usually been discussed as a literary device who is of no special interest in himself, this study argues that Conrad portrays Marlow and his relationships with a psychological depth that is unsurpassed in literature. In "Youth," "Heart of Darkness," and Lord Jim, he is a continuously-evolving character whose thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are expressions of his personality and experience. Understanding Marlow's motivations newly illuminates the formal complexity and thematic richness of these works, for his inner conflicts profoundly affect the structure of his narrations, his interactions with his auditors, and the elusive meanings of his tales."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  John G. Peters. The Cambridge Introduction to Joseph Conrad. Cambridge University Press, 2006.

"Joseph Conrad is one of the most intriguing and important modernist novelists. His writing continues to preoccupy twenty-first-century readers. This introduction is aimed at students coming to Conrad's work for the first time. The rise of postcolonial studies has inspired new interest in Conrad's themes of travel, exploration, and racial and ethnic conflict. Peters explains how these themes are explored in his major works, Nostromo, Lord Jim andHeart of Darkness, as well as his short stories. He provides an essential overview of Conrad's fascinating life and career and his approach to writing and literature. A guide to further reading is included which points to some of the most useful secondary criticism on Conrad. This is intended to be a comprehensive and concise introduction to studying Conrad, and is intended to be essential reading for students of the twentieth-century novel and of modernism."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Mohit K. Ray. Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. Atlantic Publishers, 2006.

"Hastily written in pencil and serialized in Blackwood's Magazine in 1899 as 'The Heart of Darkness,' and later published in book form in 1902, as Heart of Darkness, the sibylline charm of the novel has established it as one of the most important canonical texts of British literature. Critics have seen the book as an 'angry document on absurd and brutal exploitation' (Guerard), 'probably the greatest short novel in English' (Karl), 'an annunciation of the Savage God' (Cox), an adventure story, an early instance of modern fiction, an existential novel, and an early specimen of New Historicism. The novel 'turns on a double paradox' (Hillis Miller), and 'addresses itself simultaneously to Europe's exploitation of Africa, the primeval human situation, an archaic aspect of the mind's structure and a condition of moral baseness' (Party). But at the same time the novel has elicited an angry reaction from Chinua Achebe who calls Conrad, 'a bloody racist.' The present study, one in the series of Atlantic Critical Studies, attempts to make a close reading of the novel, and examines its various aspects never losing the touch with the reality of the academic needs of the students of English literature."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Allan H. Simmons. Joseph Conrad. Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

"Joseph Conrad is one of the great figures in the tradition of the English novel. This book provides a critically-informed introduction to Conrad and his work, placing him in his political, social, and literary context, and examining his relationship to Modernism, England and Empire. It covers the range of Conrad's fiction, from the early Malay novels, through such key works as Heart of Darkness, Lord Jim, Nostromo, The Secret Agent, and Under Western Eyes, to his later novels. This book intends to provide first-time readers of Conrad with in-depth contexts for appreciating a writer whose work is often challenging, while readers already familiar with Conrad's fiction should find new perspectives with which to view it. Intended to be approachable and authoritative, this introductory guide should be of interest for anyone with an interest in a master of twentieth-century fiction whose work variously altered the English and European literary landscape."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Peter Villiers. Joseph Conrad: Master Mariner. Sheridan House, 2006.

"Before he published his first novel in 1895, Joseph Conrad spent twenty years in the merchant navy, eventually obtaining his master's ticket and commanding the barque Otago, in which he sailed a notable passage from Sydney to Mauritius. This book traces his sea-career, and shows how Captain Jozef Konrad Korzeniowski, master mariner, became Joseph Conrad, master novelist."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  John P. Anderson. Conrad's Lord Jim: Psychology of the Self. Universal Publishers, 2005.

"This non-academic author explores Conrad's classic Lord Jim as a clinic in the psychology of the self, a novel whose characters are designed to reflect various degrees of integration of self-image and  action and independence from the approval of others. Conrad's character  construction anticipates the findings and theories of modern psychology, particularly those of psychological differentiation and to a lesser  extent Jung and Freud. The main contrast in the clinic of the self is  between the independent Marlow and the dependent Jim. After Jim fails to do his duty as First Mate on a ship named thePatna, he is judged by a court of inquiry and humiliated. Pathologically subject to shame because of the lack of any secure self, the dependent Jim attempts to hide by moving from port to port and  finally into the jungle in out of the way Patusan. Crowned Lord Jim by  the natives, he meets a seemingly inevitable fate because of his  continuing need for approval from others. The independent Marlow helps  Jim and in the process develops nuanced attitudes beyond conventional  morality. Anderson sees the principal art of the novel as the connection Conrad forged between Jim and thePatna. Damaged by a submerged object while carrying  Muslim pilgrims on their annual pilgrimage, the cause and effect of  damage to the ship are metaphors for the cause and effect of Jim's  psychic damage, damage that makes him susceptible to the pressure of  opinions of others. Damaged early by the lack of a mother's nurture, Jim has no strong inner bulkheads to resist the pressure of the opinions of others. This author views the background of the novel, the background  against which Conrad constructed Jim's life drama, to include the Garden of Eden myth and the attitudes towards free will in Islam and  Christianity. As he did with works by Joyce, Faulkner and Flaubert,  Anderson gives his analysis in a chapter by chapter and selected  paragraph by paragraph reading of the novel."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Byron Caminero-Santangelo. African Fiction and Joseph Conrad: Reading Postcolonial Intertextuality. State University of New York Press, 2005.

"By exploring the relationships between African novels and Joseph Conrad's fiction, this book examines the many discontinuous functions postcolonial revisions of 'the canon' can serve. While contemporary literary studies too often represent such revisions merely as a means for postcolonial writers to challenge a colonial world view, Caminero-Santangelo explores how African authors engage with a wide range of historically specific ideologies generated by particular histories of national independence and the development of postcolonial nations. The shift in focus away from a single colonial moment enables Caminero-Santangelo to detect a complex interweaving of convergence and divergence between Conrad and African writers such as Chinua Achebe, Ngugi wa Thiong'o, Nadine Gordimer, Tayeb Salih, and Ama Ata Aidoo, who use Conradian intertexts to intervene in repressive situations in late twentieth-century Africa. By emphasizing the need to contextualize acts of writing and rewriting in precise historical terms, the author points to the limitation seven the dangers of the standard cultural binary (Western colonial/African postcolonial) and the static dialectic of colonial domination and postcolonial resistance embraced by much recent cultural criticism."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Terry Collits. Postcolonial Conrad: Paradoxes of Empire. Routledge, 2005.

"Across the twentieth century Joseph Conrad's colonial novels were read from radically different  perspectives and interpreted through a wide range of discourses. By the  century's end these fictions, which record the encounters between Europe and  Europe's 'Other' at the moment of high imperialism, had become key texts in the burgeoning field of postcolonial studies. In this study Collits  tackles what is now a central question in both postcolonial studies and  Conrad scholarship: what happens when Conrad's novels are read from the perspective of the colonized? Drawing on many years of research  and a rich body of critical approaches, including psychoanalysis, feminism,  and discourse analysis, Postcolonial Conrad not only offers fresh readings of Conrad's novels of imperialism but also maps and analyses the interpretative tradition they have generated. Collits begins by examining the reception of Conrad's work in terms of the history of ideas, traditional literary criticism, concepts of 'Englishness,' Marxism and postcolonialism. The novels he then selects for detained re-evaluation are Heart of Darkness, Lord Jim, Nostromo, and Victory. Collits's wide-ranging volume re-examines a century of literary history, analysing the ways in which changing political, pedagogical and theoretical conditions have generated an interpretative tradition of extraordinary density. Postcolonial Conrad concludes by identifying lines of political criticism that are emerging in the twenty-first century and thus asks anew in what terms we might understanding these powerful and intriguing novels."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Mario Curreli, ed. The Ugo Mursia Memorial Lectures Second Series Papers from the International Conrad Conference University of Pisa, September 16th-18th 2004. Edizioni ETS, 2005.

"This volume collects the papers given at the Second International Conference of Conrad scholars, hosted by the University of Pisa in September 2004, to commemorate the Italian publisher and eminent Conrad scholar and translator, Ugo Mursia (1916-1982). Bringing together the results of new research by the most eminent scholars and critics in the field, The Ugo Mursia Memorial Lectures pay homage to Dr. Mursia's thorough research of original documents, and reveal the wide international admiration for his fine Italian edition of Conrad's complete works. In their variety of methodological approaches, these twenty-three new essays, presented here in the same order as in the Conference sessions, deal with 'Conrad and the Classical World,' the 'Centenary of Nostromo,' and 'Conrad's Reception in Italy.' The wide range of these in-depth explorations and findings provide fresh insights and original appraisals of Conrad's artistic achievement."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Laurence Davies and J. H. Stape, eds. The Collected Letters of Joseph Conrad, 1920-1922. Vol. 7. Cambridge University Press, 2005.

"This penultimate volume of Conrad's collected letters ends soon after his 65th birthday. Over the previous three years, Conrad wrote The Rover, struggled with Suspense, translated The Book of Job (a Polish comedy), collaborated with J. B. Pinker on a cinematic treatment of 'Gaspar Ruiz,' and worked by himself on adapting The Secret Agent for the London stage. He saw the publication of The Rescue, Notes on Life and Letters, and the Doubleday/Heinemann collected edition, most of whose volumes had new Author's Notes. Especially in North America, the collected edition strengthened his reputation as the leading English-language novelist of his day. This recognition could not always console him for his worries about his health, his family, and the state of post-war Europe, but he had not lost his sense of irony. These letters, the majority new to scholarship, abound in striking turns of phrase and unexpected insights."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Stephen Donovan.Joseph Conrad and Popular Culture. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

"Joseph Conrad and Popular Culture offers an alternative to the view of Joseph Conrad as far removed from the world of Victorian and Edwardian popular culture. From a prototype video arcade in wartime Vienna to the tourist hordes of Capri to the driving seat of a speeding Cadillac in Kent, it shows how Conrad's exposure to the experiences and artefacts of modern popular culture exercised a formative influence on his fiction. Through detailed readings of The Nigger of the 'Narcissus', Typhoon, The Secret Agent, Lord Jim and Chance, it seeks to recover the full significance of panoramas, moving pictures, magic lantern effects, waxwork tableaux, Thomas Cook's globetrotters, and the new sport of hiking for some of Conrad's best-known works. Drawing on previously unpublished images and archival materials as diverse as Bovril advertisements and spirit photographs, this study reveals popular culture as a key historical context for this major Modernist writer and should be of interest to all students, scholars and enthusiasts of Conrad."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Richard J. Hand.The Theatre of Joseph Conrad: Reconstructed Fictions. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

"This book is the first full-length appraisal and critical analysis of Joseph Conrad and the theatre. Although the dramatic dimension to Conrad's fiction has always been acknowledged, his experiments in drama have traditionally been marginalised. Conrad wrote three plays--One Day More, Laughing Anne and The Secret Agent--and was closely involved in the dramatisation of Victory. All four plays represent a serious investigation of the dramatic form and some of them were startlingly ahead of their time. Furthermore, they are all adaptations, and the creation of them yields fascinating results with generic, stylistic and thematic ramifications. This book analyses each of the plays in close relation to the original fiction and contextualises them in relation to relevant theatrical genres such as melodrama and the Grand-Guignol as well as relating them to wider issues such as theatrical censorship and critical reception."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Robert Hudson  and Edwin Arnold, eds. Joseph Conrad: A Critical Study. Anmol  Publications, 2005.

"This book consists of eight articles  x-raying Conrad's life events and literary achievements. The main  topics, included herein are--'Joseph Conrad: An Overview'; 'Testing for  Truth: Joseph Conrad and the Ideology of the Examination'; 'The Moral  Sense in Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim'; 'Contextualizing and  Comprehending Joseph Conrad's "The Return"'; 'Colonizers, Cannibals and  the Horror of Good Intentions in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness';  'Joseph Conrad's "Sudden Holes" in Time: The Epistemology of  Temporality'; 'Politics, Modernity and Domesticity: The Gothicism of  Conrad's The Secret Agent'; '"Signifying Nothing": Conrad's  Idiots and the Anxiety of Modernism.'"


┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Wieslaw Krajka, ed. A Return to the Roots: Conrad, Poland and East-Central Europe. East European Monographs, 2005.

"This study considers various aspects of the relationship between Conrad's literary work and his roots in Polish and East-Central European culture. In particular, it examines various aspects of Conrad's relationship to Poland--the evolution of his attitude toward his homeland, the influence of Polish literature on his work, his reception by Polish audiences--and to Russian literature, particularly Dostoevsky and Turgenev. This volume collects 14 essays by scholars from the United States, Europe and beyond. It is critically diverse, containing elements of biography, psychoanalysis, film criticism, comparative literature, and sociological and philosophical interpretation. The scope of critical materials is equally wide-ranging: from considerations of Conrad's life and political attitudes to overviews of his entire oeuvre and focused studies of single literary works."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  George A. Panichas. Joseph Conrad: His Moral Vision. Mercer University Press, 2005.

"This book seeks to renew interest in Joseph Conrad's moral imagination--not literary theory but the dignity of creative literature impels the author's reflections on Conrad's novels in their 'varied shades of moral significance.' Here, the author approaches Conrad's novels in the context of what the novelist V. S. Naipaul writes: 'In fiction he did not seek to discover; he sought to explain; the discovery of every tale is a moral one.' In his interpretations, the author focuses on the consequences of moral darkness and moral warfare as he proceeds to look at Conrad's basic ideas and meaning. The book argues that morality in Conrad's work is not reducible to an absolute category but must be apprehended in the forms of both moral crises and the possibility of moral recovery enacted in their complexity and tensions. Guiding a reader's travels to the furthest realms of Conrad's imagination so as to penetrate to the heart of the novelist's moral vision is one of the author's dominant aims. These travels take the reader to The Secret Agent, Lord Jim, Victory, Under Western Eyes, Chance, and The Rover. At the center of this study is a long chapter on Nostromo. The author views this novel as representative of Conrad's supreme vision of the human world and the human soul in disorder. No chapter better describes how society and character are radically transformed by 'material interests' that defy first principles.┬ ┬  Anyone disturbed by post-modernist advocates of a New World Order may have much to ponder in this challenging book."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Allan H. Simmons and J. H. Stape, eds. Nostromo: Centennial Essays. Rodopi, 2005.

"In the century since its publication in 1904, Nostromo has taken its place among Conrad's masterpieces as a panoramic novel of revolution and a profound meditation on history and the effects of 'material interest' on human destiny. The eight new essays brought together in this volume examine the novel from various perspectives: as an epic, as a study in colonialism and the problem of 'homecoming,' as an exploration of free will and determinism, as a textual artifact, and as a reflection upon earlier works of European literature by Coleridge, Pushkin and others."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  John P. Anderson. Conrad's Victory: Resurrection Lost. Universal Publishers, 2004.

"This is a detailed reader's guide to the power of Conrad's novel Victory. This non-academic author analyzes Conrad's format as a conflict between the life philosophies of Buddhist separation and Holy Spirit connection, a conflict played out dramatically in the emotional relationship of one man and one woman living on a remote south sea island. Anderson identifies the major themes as follows. Axel Heyst, living alone to avoid emotional entanglements, nonetheless rescues Lena from a touring orchestra, and they escape to live together on his remote island. Lena's connection to Heyst matures from initial interest to sexual love to selfless or spiritual love. But Heyst's response to her remains stuck in sexual possession. Given this failure of love connection, representatives of evil arrive on the island shortly thereafter. The victory of the title is Lena's victory over the fear of death that generates the selfish 'me first' attitude in humans. Grounded in love for Heyst, she achieves a permanent and real sense of self and an ability to deal with evil. Finally the Holy Spirit force field powers her ultimate sacrifice for Heyst. He remains self-possessed, ultimately giving nothing of himself to Lena, but ironically without a secure sense of self or the ability to deal with evil. This author sees Conrad's large structure for Heyst's failure of the spirit as the biblical account of Mary Magdalene's part in the Resurrection of Christ. Heyst's failure to love Lena is his resurrection lost. This author also analyzes the sophisticated art of this novel as an unfolding from stem-cell metaphors into more specialized metaphors producing a powerful artistic victory."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Daphna Erdinast-Vulcan, Allan H. Simmons, and J. H. Stape, eds. Joseph Conrad: The Short Fiction. Rodopi, 2004.

"Joseph Conrad: The Short Fiction offers a wide range of perspectives on Conrad's short stories. The nine essays deal with early and classic stories as well as the relatively neglected works of Conrad's later career. The essays explore in depth the historical and publishing contexts of individual stories and provide new insights into Conrad's practice as a writer of short fiction. These new readings, based on contemporary theoretical and interpretive perspectives, are directed not only to specialists of literary Modernism but also to the advanced student and the general reader. Essays include Jurgen Kramer, 'What the Country Doctor "did not see": The Limits of Imagination in "Amy Foster"'; Cedric Watts, 'Fraudulent Signifiers: Saussure and the Sixpence in "Karain"'; Sema Postacioglu-Banon, '"Gaspar Ruiz": A Vitagraph of Desire'; P. A. March-Russell, 'The Anarchy of Love: "The Informer"'; Michael Lucas, 'Rehabilitating "The Brute"'; Stephen Donovan, 'Magic Letters and Mental Degradation: Advertising in "An Anarchist" and "The Partner"'; Mark D. Larabee, 'Territorial Vision and Revision in "Freya of the Seven Isles"'; Jeremy Hawthorn, 'Conrad and the Erotic: "A Smile of Fortune" and "The Planter of Malata"'; Jennifer Turner, '"Petticoats" and "Sea Business": Women Characters in Conrad's Edwardian Short Stories.'"

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Nesrin Eruysal and Bengu Taskesen, eds.Joseph Conrad and His Work: The 10th METU British Novelists Seminar Proceedings 19-20 December 2002. Department of Foreign Language Education at Middle East Technical University, 2004.

"The proceedings of 10th METU British Novelists Seminar, the essays include: Robert Hampson, 'Trade Secrets: The Background to Heart of Darkness in Its Historical Context'; Wieslaw Krajka, 'Joseph Conrad's Conception of Europe'; Yacine Kais, 'Nostromo between  Pro-imperialism and Anti-imperialism: Latin America Othered'; Nursel Icoz, 'Conrad  as Realist and Modernist'; Christopher Cairney, 'The Bird, the Snake  and the River: Conrad's Complicated Look at Colonialism'; Valerie Kennedy,  '"Homo Duplex": Divided Selves in Conrad and Said'; Armagan Erdogan, 'No Woman, No Home: Masculinity in Joseph Conrad's  Fiction'; Gillian Alban, 'What Value Death in Conad?'; Robert Hampson,  'Silence and Secrets in Joseph Conrad's Victory'; Marcin Piechota, 'Wedrowiec (The Wanderer) and Its Possible Influences on Conrad'; Kenneth Rosen, 'Conrad in Wonderland'; Fiona Tomkinson, '". . . For this miracle or this wonder troubleth me right greatly": Conrad's Aletheia'; Margaret J-M Sonmez, 'Conrad's Novels: Truth and Nostromo'; James Coghlan, 'Fortis in Arduis'; Nil Korkut, 'Communication or Introspection?: Marlow's Aim(s) as Narrator in Heart of Darkness and Lord Jim'; Bengu Taskesen, 'The Gloomy Sunshine: Depression in Conrad'; Nurten Birlik, 'Subversion of the Oedipus: The Marriage of Two Castaways in "Amy Foster"'; and Nesrin Eruyal, 'The Spectre of the Fear in the Midst of Love'"

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Francois Gallix and Sylvere Monod, ed. Lord Jim Day at the Sorbonne. Mallard Editions, 2004.

"This book is a complete transcription of a conference about Lord Jim organized by the centre of research ERCLA (Francois Gallix and Vanessa Guignery) held at the Sorbonne on 6 December  2003. The conference proceedings include: Francois Gallix, 'Foreword';  Zdzislaw Najder, 'Lord Jim, The Gunboat Lieutenant and Other French Connections'; 'Round Table' (Sylvere  Monod, Zdzislaw Najder, J. H. Stape, Claudine Lesage, Josiane Paccaud-Huguet); 'Questions from the Audience'; Marlene Junius,  'Appendix: Shanties'; Francois Gallix and Sylvere Monod, 'Bibliography.'"

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Carola Kaplan, Peter Lancelot Mallios, Andrea White, eds.Conrad in the Twenty-First Century: Contemporary Approaches and Perspectives. Routledge, 2004.

"Conrad in the Twenty-First Century is a collection of original essays by Conrad scholars that rereads Conrad in light of his representations of post-colonialism, of empire, imperialism, and of modernism and modernity-questions that are once again relevant today. The collection is framed by an introduction by J. Hillis Miller and a concluding interview with Edward W. Said. Conrad's work has taken on a new importance in the dawning of the 21st century: in the wake of September 11th 2001, many cultural commentators returned to his novel The Secret Agent to discuss the roots of terrorism, and the overarching theme of colonialism in much of his work has positioned his writing as central to not only literature scholars, but also to postcolonial and cultural studies scholars and, more recently, to scholars interested in globalization. Conrad in the Twenty-First Century looks at Conrad in a variety of fields including literary studies, cultural studies, ethnic and area studies, and post-colonial studies."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Gene M. Moore, ed. Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness: A Casebook. Oxford University Press, 2004.

"Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad's fictional account of a journey up the Congo river in 1890, raises important questions about colonialism and narrative theory. This casebook contains materials relevant to a deeper understanding of the origins and reception of this controversial text, including Conrad's own story 'An Outpost of Progress,' together with a little-known memoir by one of Conrad's oldest English friends, a brief history of the Congo Free State by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, and a parody of Conrad by Max Beerbohm. A wide range of theoretical approaches are also represented, examining Conrad's text in terms of cultural, historical, textual, stylistic, narratological, post-colonial, feminist, and reader-response criticism. The volume concludes with an interview in which Conrad compares his adventures on the Congo with Mark Twain's experiences as a Mississippi pilot."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Stephen Ross. Conrad and Empire. University of Missouri Press, 2004.

"In Conrad and Empire, Stephen Ross challenges the orthodoxy of the last thirty years of Conrad criticism by arguing that to focus on issues of race and imperialism in Conrad's work is to miss the larger and more important engagement with developing globalization undertaken there. Drawing on the conceptual model provided by Arjun Appadurai and by Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, Ross maintains that Conrad's major novels confront an emergent new world order that replaces nation-state-based models of geopolitics with the global rule of capitalism, and shows how Conrad supplements this conceptualization by tracing the concrete effects such a change on the psyches of individual subjects. Borrowing from Slavoj Zizek and Jacques Lacan, Ross contends that Conrad's major novels present us with an astute vision of a truly global world order. Devoting a chapter to each novel, Ross analyzes Heart of Darkness",Lord Jim, Nostromo, and The Secret Agent to expose their social vision, their concern with individual experience, and their philosophical synthesis of the two.┬  After showing how Conrad sets the stage, Ross considers selected characters' personal histories and the family romances by which Conrad sheds light on individual characters' motives, exposing the penetration of ideological forces into personal lives. He then shows how the drama of slave morality in each of the novels synthesizes their critique of social organization and their attention to personal history by revealing how each novel follows an individual character's doomed attempt to transcend the totalizing dimensions of Empire. Ross argues that though postcolonial criticisms of Conrad's work have produced excellent insights, they remain inadequate to understanding its complexity. Instead, he suggests that Conrad's novels should be read for their compellingly prescient vision of a postnational world under the sway of global capitalism. Although Conrad's vision of that world is undeniably bleak, Ross believes, his almost willful reaffirmation of the very values he has shown to be bankrupt constitutes a 'weak idealism.' Consequently, Ross argues, Conrad's fiction is profoundly ethical and pertinent to the pressing project of how to live in a bewilderingly variable world."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Ray Stevens. Two Last Essays: "Whither Conrad and 'Legends'?, A Textual History of Conrad's Last Essay" & "Homo Neanderthalensis, Mencken, Monkeys and Bible Belt Buckles." Minuteman Press, 2004.

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  David Adams. Colonial Odysseys: Empire and Epic in the Modernist Novel. Cornell University Press, 2003.

"Works such as Heart of Darkness,Lord Jim, 'Karain,' Nostromo, The Voyage Out, A Passage to India, and A Handful of Dust explore the relationship between Britain and its colonies when the British Empire was at its height. Adams observes that, because of their structure and specific literary allusions, they also demand to be read in relation to the epic tradition. The underlying concerns of these narratives, Adams discovers, are often less political or literary than metaphysical: in each of these fictions a major character dies as a result of the journey, inviting reflection on the negation of existence. Repeatedly, imaginative encounters with distant, uncanny colonies produce familiar, insular presentations of life as an odyssey, with death as the home port."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Harold Bloom, ed. Bloom's BioCritiques: Joseph Conrad. Chelsea House, 2003.

"This book is a combination of biography and criticism and serves as an introduction to both the life and works of Conrad. It includes an introduction by Bloom, a biographical essay by Amy Sickels, an introduction to Conrad's works by Richard Ruppel, and essays by Carola M. Kaplan on Heart of Darkness, David Allen Ward on Nostromo, and Tracy Seeley on Lord Jim."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Keith Carabine and Max Saunders, eds. Inter-Relations: Conrad, James, Ford and Others. Social Science Monographs, 2003.

"The thirteen essays in Inter-Relations: Conrad, James, Ford and Others offer contemporary perspectives on the literary relationships between Joseph Conrad, Henry James, and Ford Madox Ford, particularly their methodological approaches and how these approaches influenced the artistic growth of Joseph Conrad. The essays address a broad spectrum of themes, from language and narrative technique to impressionism and issues of gender; from techniques of autobiography to those of psychology and creative personality; and from fact vs. fiction studies to those concerned with the contact/clash of cultures, motifs of suicide and death, and the city in literature. Essays include Max Saunders, 'Reflections on Impressionist Autobiography: James, Conrad and Ford'; Jed Rasula, '"Vessels of Consciousness": The Reader's Place in Literary Impressionism'; Caroline Patey, 'Londonscapes: Urban Anxieties and Urban Aesthetics in James, Ford and Conrad'; Robert Hampson, 'Gossip in Conrad, James and Ford'; Michael A. Lucas, 'Ford's Truth about Talk: Conversation in James, Conrad and Ford'; Martin Bock, 'Secret Sharing: Conrad, Ford and Neurasthenia'; Joseph Wiesenfarth, 'Approaching Ford Madox Ford's Joseph Conrad: A Personal Remembrance'; Vita Fortunati, 'Biography and Fiction in Ford's Joseph Conrad: A Personal Remembrance'; Paul Skinner, '"Not the Stuff to Fill Graveyards": Joseph Conrad and Parade's End'; Anthony Fothergill, '"For to End Yet Again": Suicide in the Stories of Joseph Conrad and Ford Madox Ford'; Keith Carabine, '"Where to?": A Comparison of Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment and Conrad's Under Western Eyes'; Merry M. Pawlowski, 'Landscape Painting: Gender and the Production of Cultural Space in Conrad, James and Woolf'; and Jacques Berthoud, 'Convergent Cultures in Early Modernist Novellas.'"

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Mario Curreli, ed. Hans van Marle and Ian Watt, Conradians: A Tribute from Friends. The Joseph Conrad Society (UK), 2003.

"This pamphlet is a tribute to Hans van Marle and Ian Watt. Essays include Constant Boesen, 'The Life of Hans van Marle'; Mario Curreli, 'The Life of Ian Watt'; Mario Curreli, 'Hans and Ian's Legacy'; Christopher GoGwilt, 'Reminiscences of Hans van Marle'; Robert Hampson, 'Hans van Marle'; Peter Mallios, 'Remembering Ian Watt and Hans van Marle'; Sylvere Monod, 'Personal Records: Ian Watt and Hans van Marle'; Gene M. Moore, 'Remembering Two Friends'; Zdzislaw Najder, 'Remembering Two Friends'; Allan H. Simmons, 'Hans van Marle: A Reflection'; J. H. Stape, 'Remembering Hans'; Cedric Watts, 'Recollections of Hans van Marle and Ian Watt.'"

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Lissa Schneider. Conrad's Narratives of Difference: Not Exactly Tales for Boys. Routledge, 2003.

"Though Conrad's works are notorious for the absence or dearth of female characters, this book demonstrates that Conrad often represented women and femininity in fugitive ways.┬  Arguing that gender and difference are conceptual and performative, Schneider examines many of Conrad's best-known fictions attempts to show how his use of female allegorical imagery, oppositional narrative strategies, and hybrid generic structures challenge late Victorian ideologic (and generic) norms and goals.┬  Schneider's analysis attempts to illustrate how Conrad's characters negotiate the 'shadow-line' of Victorian paradigms of gender, race, and class to clear a space for a modern revisioning of difference."┬ 

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  David Bell, ed. Joseph Conrad's The Nigger of the "Narcissus": A Dialogue Seminar. Mid-Sweden University College, 2002.

"Joseph Conrad's The Nigger of the "Narcissus" has a reputation for complexity of narrative technique and the ambiguity and uncertainty of its meaning. The Dialogue Seminar held in Ostersund in 1997 with academics from Sweden, Britain, Norway, and Finland explored a number of approaches to these problems from the perspectives of contemporary literary theories.┬  Post-colonial, post-modern and genre analyses help to explore the issues of power and its subversion in various readings of the novella. This volume includes four of the papers presented at the seminar with an introduction. Essays include: David Bell, 'Introduction: Voyage to the Shades'; Jeremy Hawthorn, 'Narcissism, Seeing and Imperialism: Narrative Technique and the Ideology in The Nigger of the "Narcissus"'; John Crompton, '"From afar I saw them discoursing": Language and "the latent feeling of fellowship" in The Nigger of the "Narcissus"'; Gerald Porter, '"You wouldn't call me nigger if I wasn't half dead": Challenging Hierarchies in The Nigger of the "Narcissus"'; Mark Troy, '"To make you see": Society and Narrative Strategies in The Nigger of the "Narcissus."'"

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Martin Bock. Joseph Conrad and Psychological Medicine. Texas Tech University Press, 2002.

"Conrad's life and fiction are often read through the lens of Freudian thought, though Conrad understood his own health from a pre-Freudian perspective. This book recovers that perspective, revises our understanding of Conrad life, and rethinks the dominant themes of his work in light of pre-Freudian medical psychology. Beginning with a social history of late-nineteenth-century medical psychology and hysteria studies, Bock's study presents a synopsis of fin-de-siecle theories of nervous disorder and moral insanity, tries to show how Conrad's doctors were trained in medical theories that privilege the physiological over the psychological, and describes what Conrad endured during his water cures as Champel-les-Bains and in an English culture that constructed nervous disease--particularly his diagnosed neurasthenia--as a feminine disorder. This book reads Conrad's fiction medically, showing how Conrad's work focuses on such narrative strategies as Conrad's rhetoric of hysteria and enervation and his vivid, nervous descriptions, and it shows how major tropes such as restraint, seclusion, and water--all treatments for insanity--were important issues in the medical discourse of Conrad's day and are themes that ru through Conrad's fiction."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Cesare Casarino. Modernity at Sea: Melville, Marx, Conrad in Crisis. University of Minnesota Press, 2002.

"At once a literary-philosophical meditation on the question of modernity and a manifesto for a new form of literary criticism, Modernity at Sea argues that the nineteenth-century sea narrative played a crucial role in the emergence of a theory of modernity as permanent crisis. In a series of close readings of such works as Melville's White-Jacket and Moby Dick, Conrad's The Nigger of the 'Narcissus,' and 'The Secret Sharer,' and Marx's Grundrisse, Cesare Casarino draws upon the thought of twentieth-century figures including Giorgio Agamben, Louis Althusser, Walter Benjamin, Leo Bersani, Gilles Deleuze, Felix Guattari, and Antonio Negri to characterize the nineteenth-century ship narrative as the epitome of Michel Foucault's 'heterotopia'--a special type of space that simultaneously represents, inverts, and contests all other spaces in culture. Elaborating Foucault's claim that the ship has been the heterotopia par excellence of Western civilization since the Renaissance, Casarino goes on to argue that the nineteenth-century sea narrative froze the world of the ship just before its disappearance-thereby capturing at once its apogee and its end, and producing the ship as the matrix of modernity."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Con Coroneos. Space, Conrad, and Modernity. Oxford University Press, 2002.

"Recent literary and cultural criticism has taken a spatial turn. Nowadays, to speak is to speak from, to, or in; to know something is to have 'mapped' its discursive operation. This book locates this development within the opposition between a space of things and a space of words, tracing aspects of its emergence from the geopolitical idea of 'closed space' which developed in the early 20th century to the influence of Saussurean linguistics in contemporary criticism and theory. Focusing on the work of Conrad, in whom the opposition between a space of words and a space of things is strikingly figured. This book deals with several versions of closed space, using an ancient spatial paradox of God to raise questions about the relations between geography, language, and interpretation.┬  It also deals with the agitation around finitude and the limit, and the desperate attempt to discover in the resources of language a means of liberation.┬  Among the figures drawn into dialogue with Conrad are John Buchan, Woolf, Joyce, Peter Kropotkin, Rene de Saussure (brother of the famous Ferdinand), Henri Bergson, the filmmakers George Melies and Carol Reed and, in particular, Michel Foucault, whose anxious negotiation with spatial ideas touches the book's deepest understanding."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Laurence Davies, Frederick R. Karl, and Owen Knowles, The Collected Letters of Joseph Conrad, 1917-1919. Vol. 6. Cambridge University Press, 2002.

"This volume presents all known Conrad letters from the years 1917 to 1919 in a framework which highlights their literary, historical, cultural, and biographical significance. Like its predecessors, this volume includes a high proportion of previously unpublished letters, and many of those already published have appeared only in small-circulation journals. Again like its predecessors, this volume is full of surprises that require us to re-mould our understanding of Conrad's writings. His correspondence reveals his state of mind as he and his family dealt with the anxieties of the war time years, and the return to a fragile peace. During this time, Conrad published The Shadow-Line, The Arrow of Gold, and The Rescue, along with a considerable amount of shorter works, and was preparing for the publication of his collected works on both sides of the Atlantic, and was engaged in a critical┬  rereading of his earlier books."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Michael Greaney. Conrad, Language, and Narrative. Cambridge University Press, 2002.

"In this re-evaluation of the writings of Conrad, Greaney places language and narrative at the heart of his literary achievement. As a trilingual Polish expatriate, Conrad brought a formidable linguistic self-consciousness to the English novel; tensions between speech and writing are the defining obsessions of his career. He sought very early on to develop a 'writing of the voice' based on oral or communal modes of storytelling.┬  Greaney argues that the 'yarns' of his nautical raconteur Marlow are the most challenging expression of his voice-centered aesthetic.┬  But Conrad's suspicion that words are fundamentally untrustworthy is present in everything he wrote. The political novels of his middle period represent a breakthrough from traditional storytelling into the writerly aesthetic of high modernism. Greaney examines a wide range of Conrad's work, combining recent critical approaches to language in post-structuralism with an impressive command of linguistic theory."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Hunt Hawkins and Brian W. Shaffer, eds. Approaches to Teaching Conrad's "Heart of Darkness" and "The Secret Sharer." The Modern Language Association of America, 2002.

"Conrad's 'Heart of Darkness' and 'The Secret Sharer' are among the most taught and studied works of 20th-century British fiction. Noted for their psychological depth and stylistic artistry, the two stories have been celebrated as exemplars of modernism. They have also given rise to controversy. Scholars have debated whether 'Heart of Darkness' is a critique of British imperialism or a paean to it. In 1975, Chinua Achebe condemned the novella's author as racist, a charge that has provoked much discussion. Part 1, 'Materials,' gives editions, criticism, and resources available to the instructor of these two complex texts. Part 2, 'Approaches,' contains essays that treat historical contexts, such as slavery and the ivory trade in the Congo of the 1890s; examine literary issues, such as Conrad's use of the unreliable narrator; discuss the place of gender and race in the stories; tell of students' responses in a variety of public and private institutions; and explore specific pedagogical methods, including the use of films such as Coppola's Apocalypse Now in the classroom."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Attie M. de Lange and Gail Fincham, with Wieslaw Krajka, eds. Conrad in Africa: New Essays on Heart of Darkness. Social Science Monographs, 2002.

"A multidisciplinary and international collection of essays, this volume contains contributions by writers from the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Sweden, and South Africa. They employ a variety of methodological approaches, from detailed archival scholarship to theoretical perspectives on textuality and discursivity. Topics include the development of narrative voice in Heart of Darkness; the relationship between fictionality and missionary discourse; the notion of race in Conrad's work; and Heart of Darkness in contemporary classroom practice in European and South African contexts."

┬ ┬ ┬ ┬  Nic Panagopoulos: "Heart of Darkness" and The Birth of Tragedy: A Comparative Study. Kardamitsa, 2002.

"In stressing the loss of the spiritual tradition in western culture as well as the supremacy of biology over theology and aesthetics over ethics, Conrad's work belongs to the modernist movement which Nietzsche's sceptical philosophy helped to usher in. As this comparative study seeks to show, however, the affinities and parallels between texts such as Conrad's Heart of Darkness and Nietzsche's The Birth of Tragedy are so numerous and run so deep, that it is difficult to dismiss them as the product of the late-19th Century zeitgeist which their authors shared. Like Nietzsche's revolutionary piece of literary criticism, Heart of Darkness employs the Apollo-Dionysus opposition as its basic structuring principle while offering a critique of European civilization from a vitalist-primitivist perspective. Moreover, both works anticipate the conjunction of anthropological and literary concerns in 20th Century fiction by suggesting that the roots of human culture ┬ lie ┬ in primitive religious rites celebrating the regenerative forces in nature. Conrad 's novella is seen to dramatize the idea explored in The Birth of Tragedy that the genre sprang from the Bacchic rites which culminate in the sacrifice and consumption of the god Dionysus by his intoxicated followers, symbolizing the shattering and reintegration of the original Unity. Heart of Darkness can therefore be said to reflect what Nietzsche called 'tragedy's doctrine of the mysteries' which consists of 'the fundamental knowledge of the unity of all that exists, the consideration of individuation as the original cause of evil, [and] art as the presentiment of a restored unity.' Thus, for Conrad as for Nietzsche, art takes the place of religion as the 'real metaphysical activity of man' having the power to redeem existence through myth rather than morality, while the restoration of the tragic framework which presupposes a coherent and meaningful universe is seen to be of vital importance for modern man, lost as he is in absurdity and doubt."